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Covid-19: Your questions answered
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Self-employed and interested in in reducing your record keeping? An optional system of fixed rate expenses allow the use of a 'simplified' fixed rate deduction instead of actual costs paid or incurred. Using fixed rates may reduce the need for some of the detailed record keeping and calculations necessary to support tax deductible expenses. The amount of the overall tax allowable deductions could be greater or smaller compared to an actual cost comparison. We set out the fixed rates available but at Hart Shaw, we can advise on maximising the relief due to you.
The use of fixed rates is available to anyone who is self-employed. Partnerships can also use them as long as all the members of the partnership are individuals.
Principally they apply to the following:
We consider the rules for calculating the fixed rates and when these are available.
Rather than claiming the actual deductions for purchasing, maintaining and running a motor vehicle or motorcycle, businesses can calculate allowable expenditure using a fixed rate based on mileage. The rates are:
It is important to note that once the fixed rate is used for a particular vehicle, the same method must continue to be used for as long as the vehicle remains in the business. It will therefore be important to keep a detailed mileage log/diary. Additional business costs that are journey specific, such as parking fees and congestion charges will still need to be recorded and claimed. If capital allowances have been claimed the fixed rate cannot be used. Additionally, where for example a van has been claimed as an allowable payment under the cash basis, then the fixed rate cannot be used.
It is very common for self-employed individuals to work at least some of the time from home. Some tax relief is available if part of a home is used solely for the purpose of the business for a specified time. It is important however to ensure that part of the home is not exclusively used for business purposes unless absolutely necessary as this restricts the capital gains tax main residence exemption on the eventual sale of the home. Instead of recording actual costs on running a home (e.g. utilities, telephone and internet charges) and claiming a business proportion, a fixed rate deduction can be claimed. If you decide to adopt the fixed rate then the following rates apply:
Hours worked is the number of hours spent wholly and exclusively on work done by yourself or an employee in your home wholly and exclusively for the purposes of the business. You can revert to actual costs in another year after choosing to use the fixed rate for one year.
If you use premises both as a home and as business premises (for example, a pub), the total expenses of the property need to be adjusted for private use. A fixed scale can be used to adjust for the private use which will increase taxable profits. Only premises which are used mainly for the purposes of carrying on a trade will qualify.
The fixed scale is as below and is for each month (or part month) falling within the period:
The 'number of relevant occupants' is based on how many people (including children) use the business premises each month (or part of a month) as a private home.
HMRC have advised that the flat rate includes all household goods and services, food and non-alcoholic drinks and utilities but not mortgage interest, rent, council tax or rates. This appears to make the rates above expensive add backs as a further adjustment is therefore required for these other expenses.
If you would like any advice on claiming fixed rate expenses and whether or not these are appropriate for you, please do contact us at Hart Shaw.
Hart Shaw LLP are currently applying COVID-19 working protocols and our staff are working from home. Our switchboard will be answering calls but you can contact our partners on the following numbers:
Further contact details can be found here: https://www.hartshaw.co.uk/about-us/key-contacts
We apologise if this is inconvenient but we are doing our best to follow government working directions whilst continuing to service our clients to the best of our ability in these difficult times for all and appreciate your patience.